如何做初中英语阅读题


明天要期末考试了,有如下几种阅读类型,帮忙分析一下:(答题方法,怎么提高速度,准确率)完形填空,阅读选择,任务阅读,综合填空,以及综合阅读。
其中综合阅读包括法础瘁飞诓读搭嫂但讥:填词,同义词变形,同义句,译英语,和一句话中一个词给原形需变形。
快点,谢谢!
问题补充:详细点,逐个分析。

完型解题思路:
1. 必须做到通篇考虑,把握主题, 根据上下文提供的语境进行推敲,运用自己对语法的掌握,对词的固定搭配及词义,词性,句型的了解,得出正确结论。
2. 细读首句,把握全文。
完型填空的首句通常不设空,它常常是了解文章全貌的“窗口”,由此可以判断文章的体裁,推测文章大意,把握故事发生的人物,时间,地点,气氛等多方面的信息。
3. 通读全文,掌握大意
通读全文要一气呵成,目的是从整体上了解文章内容,掌握梗概。
4. 注意句子和句子,段与段之间的逻辑顺序和关系,做到上下文兼顾,寻找相关点,从词语搭配,上下文的需要,习惯用法,词义辨析和语法结构等方面,耐心细致地逐项分析。
5. 复读全文,确定答案。
各项考题的答题技巧
完型填空
1. 通读全文,掌握大意。
2. 选择答案,填入空中。
在选择时应考虑以下几点
(1)注意上下文,通篇考虑,使故事保持连惯性,完整性。
(2)注意语法知识及短语搭配,固定句型等。
(3)不会的空可以用排除法,推断法(说明文可尽量考虑我们的生活常识,地理概念,历史知识等)。
3. 重新阅读文章,检验答案是否正确。
阅读理解
1. 通读全文,注意开头句和结尾句。
2. 划出生词,通过上下文来推测其意义。
3. 第二遍阅读全文,带着问题来阅读。
4. 做题,找相关段落。
5. 复核答案。
综合填空
1. 第一遍光读不做,通读,了解文章大意。
2. 边读边做,难的或不会的空可跳过去,都做完之后再回过头来思考。
3. 再读,检查。主要检查动词时态,形容词,副词的比较等级,是否为基数词或序数词,代词的格等。
单项选择
1. 多注意固定短语及句型
eg.
He is interested everything around him .
此句很明显,是考核固定结构“be interested in”(对…感兴趣),因此,四个选项中肯定会有in这个介词。
2. 从语法角度去分析题目
eg.
We won’t start if it fine tomorrow .
很明显,这道题中有连词if(如果),引导条件状语从句,它的时态搭配中重要的一点是从句要用一般现在时,因此四个选项中选择isn’t这个选项。
3. 排除法
eg.
She is a good girl . She is thinking of others .
A. often B. usually C. now D. always
通过观察,我们发现C选项放在此处说不通应第一个被排除,其它三个频率副词放进去都可理顺句子,但根据题目中所给的第一个句子,我们发现填always更合适。但实际上这是always的一个用法,即它与现在进行时连用可表达赞扬,愤怒等情感。
初中英语常见转化词
1. book(n.)书;电话簿;(vt.)预订
eg.
There are three books and two note-books in my bag .
You need to book a double-room .
2. call(n.)电话;(vt.)叫作
eg.
There is a telephone call for you .
We call these beautiful things flowers .
3. care(n.)小心,注意;(vt.)喜欢
eg.
Please take care what you are saying .
No one cares about what the jade carving comes from .
4. correct(adj.)正确的;(vt.)改正,纠正
eg.
These two answers are both correct .
To correct these mistakes needs a lot of time .
5. cover(n.)封面,盖子;(vt.)覆盖
eg.
The cover of my new English book is very nice .
We covered the table with a piece of new cloth .
6. draw(vt.)画,拉;(n.)平局
eg.
He could draw beautiful pictures when he was only five years old .
Just now he drew the net and found there are no fish in the net .
The last baseball game between the two teams ended in a draw .
7. drop(vt.)放弃;扔;(n.)滴
eg.
It is not clever of you to drop maths study .
He dropped his boots on the floor .
We should value every drop of water .
8. empty(adj.)空的;(vt.)倒空
eg.
The fridge is empty , so you may clean it completely .
The dustbin should be emptied every day , or there will be flies around it .
9. favourite(n.)最喜欢的人/ 物;(adj.)最喜欢的
eg.
Pop music is my favourite .
My favourite food is ice-cream .
10. hand(n.)手;(vt.)递给
eg.
You need to wash your hands before meals .
Please hand me some salt and pepper .
11. kind(n.)种类;(adj.)善良的,和蔼的
eg.
A new kind of communicative tool will be invented in the future .
Our physics teacher is always kind to us .
12. last(vt.)持续;(adj.)最后的;上一个的
eg.
How long will the snowy days last ?
The last month of the year is December .
I got good scores in every subject last term .
13. light(n.)光,光线;灯;(adj.)轻的;明亮的;(vt.)点燃
eg.
The light in this room is good .
Remember to turn off the light before you leave .
Light is the opposite of heavy .
It’s getting light and morning is coming .
He lit a ligarette .
14. line(n.)线,绳;(vi.)排队
eg.
Please put the clothes on the line after you finish washing them .
Many people are lining for tickets .
15. play(n.)戏剧;(vt.)玩
eg.
A new TV play is shown on Channel 5 these days .
Children like playing with snow in winter .
16. right(adj.)右边的;正确的;合适的;(n.)权利
eg.
His right ear is bleeding .
No one can give the right answer .
Put these things in the right order .
Everyone has right to vote .
17. sound(n.)声音;(vi.)听起来
eg.
The world is full of all kinds of sound .
The idea sounds good .
18. stop(n.)(车)站;(vi.)停止;(vt.)阻止,阻拦
eg.
The bus stop is 50 meters away .
It’s difficult for him to stop smoking .
He stopped a taxi and got into it .
19. trouble(n.)疾病;麻烦事;(vt.)麻烦
eg.
The doctor asked the worker when the eye trouble began .
May I trouble you to call up my friend ?
20. watch(n.)手表;(vt.)观看
eg.
What time is it by your watch ?
He like watching detective films .
21. well(n.)井;(adj.)健康的;(adv.)好
eg.
There is well near his home .
I am not feeling well now .
They did very well in the exam .
1.词组区分法。
(1)agree with, agree to, agree on, agree to do, agree that
agree with是“同意”的意思,后面接人,表示同意某人后某人的意见等。而且还有“与…一致”、“适合”的意思
如:He doesn’t agree with me.
I agree with what he said.
What he does agrees with what he says.
This kind of food doesn’t agree with babies.
agree to是“赞同”的意思
如:He agrees to my plan.
They agree to his opinion.
agree on是“达成一致”的意思
如:They agreed on the plan after having a discussion.
agree to do是“同意做某事”的意思
如:They agreed to have a meeting to discuss the price.
Our teacher agreed to let us play for an hour.
agree that后面接从句,表示“承认,同意”
如:He agreed that he should pay us.
The little boy agreed that he broke the window.
(2)remember doing \ to do, forget doing\to do, stop doing \ to do, go on doing\to do, try doing \ to do
remember doing是“记得做过…”
如:I remembered saying that to you.
He remembers locking the door.
remember to do是“记着去做…”
如:Remember to post the letter for me.
He always can’t remember to check his homework.
forget doing是“忘记做过…”
如:He forgot locking the door already.
stop doing是“停止做…”如:He stopped watching TV and began to do his homework.
Stop talking, please!
stop to do是“停下来去做…”
如:When he saw a wallet lying on the ground, he stopped to pick it up.
go on doing是“继续做…(同一件事)”
如:He went on doing his homework after the rest.
We went on running for another half an hour.
go on to do是“继续做…(下一件事)”
如:He went on to watch TV after finishing his homework.
We went on to ask another question.
try doing是“试着做…”
如:Please try using another way to say that.
I want to try driving this new car.
try to do是“设法做…”
如:He tried to find the nearest police station.
He tried his best to get to the place on time.
2. 语境分析法。
(1)live, alive, living, lively
live是“鲜的,现场的等”的意思
如:Here is a live show on TV tonight.
The fish is live.
The coal is live.
The wire is live.
alive是“活着的”
如:The fish is alive.
He is still alive.
living是“活的”
如:a living person ; living things
lively是“生动的”
如:The teacher always makes his lesson lively and interesting.
(2)aloud, loud, loudly
aloud是“出声”
如:Please read the text aloud, don’t read it silently.
loud是“大声地/的”
如:He read the text loud.
He read the text in a loud voice.
Please say it louder.
loudly是“大声地,吵闹地”
如:He talked loudly in class.
The man shouted loudly.
(3)alone, lonely
alone是“单独的/地,独自的/地”
如:He is alone.
He can do it alone.
lonely是“孤独的/地,寂寞的地”
如:Though he is alone, he doesn’t feel lonely.
There is a lonely house at the end of this road.
参考资料:初中老师的笔记
把该背的单词都背下来,读2篇法础瘁飞诓读搭嫂但讥文章就够了
单词在很大程度上影响到阅读理解的准确性和阅读速度!
背单词,多做...其实只要用了心,用了功一切都会好的
完型解题思路:
1. 必须做到通篇考虑,把握主题, 根据上下文提供的语境进行推敲,运用自己对语法的掌握,对词的固定搭配及词义,词性,句型的了解,得出正确结论。
2. 细读首句,把握全文。
完型填空的首句通常不设空,它常常是了解文章全貌的“窗口”,由此可以判断文章的体裁,推测文章大意,把握故事发生的人物,时间,地点,气氛等多方面的信息。
3. 通读全文,掌握大意
通读全文要一气呵成,目的是从整体上了解文章内容,掌握梗概。
4. 注意句子和句子,段与段之间的逻辑顺序和关系,做到上下文兼顾,寻找相关点,从词语搭配,上下文的需要,习惯用法,词义辨析和语法结构等方面,耐心细致地逐项分析。
5. 复读全文,确定答案。


Copyright © 2009-2011 All Rights Reserved.